Agile testing is a method of testing that aligns with the guidelines and principles of agile software development. Unlike the Waterfall process, Agile Testing may begin right away with continuous integration of development and testing. The agile testing approach is not linear (in the sense that it is only conducted after the coding process) but relatively continuous.
What are The Agile Testing Approaches?The agile testing approach is a set of techniques that focus on the rapid testing of software. It is a lean and iterative process to ensure the continuous delivery of high-quality software.
1. Behavior-Driven Development (BDD)Before the development phase, Behavior-Driven Development (BDD) emphasizes communication among project stakeholders to ensure that all individuals recognize each feature. In addition, BDD requires testers, developers, and business analysts to construct "scenarios" for excellent illustration discussion. Scenarios are expressed in a particular manner known as the Gherkin Provided syntax.
They describe how a feature acts in various contexts with variable input settings. These are "executable specs" since they include requirements and inputs to automated testing.
2. Acceptance Test Driven Development (ATDD)The team designs scenarios, then constructs tests around those that fail first and implements the software functionality that allows the systems to pass. It differs from typical Test Driven Development (TDD) in that it tests the entire software functioning rather than just specific components.
3. Exploratory TestingThe test execution and design phases are intertwined in exploratory testing. Rather than individually creating, implementing, and executing tests, this testing method relies on engaging with working software. Exploratory testing allows testers to "experiment with" the program in an unstructured manner.
Exploratory testing is not prescribed; testers are imaginative to uncover activities or edge circumstances that would damage the product. The actual procedure through which testers tested the program is not documented, but when a flaw is discovered, it is registered as usual.
4. Session-Based TestingThis approach is comparable to exploratory testing but is more ordered, intending to evaluate the program thoroughly. It includes test charters, which assist testers in determining what to test, and test reports, which enable testers to report what they uncover during a test. Timed sessions are used to administer tests.
Types of Agile Methodologies
The following types of agile testing are:-
ScrumScrum is, without a doubt, the most popular of the several frameworks that support the Agile technique. Scrum is distinguished by development cycles or stages known as sprints, in addition to the maximization of development time for a software product toward a goal known as the Product Goal. This Product Target is a higher-level value target toward which sprints move the scrum team's product closer.
It is most commonly employed in the management of software product development, but it may also be applied successfully in a commercial environment. Every day begins with a tiny 15-minute meeting called the daily Scrum, which is responsible for synchronizing activities, determining the best approach to plan the working day, and keeping track of sprint "health" and product development.
Kanbanis a Japanese term with a connotation related to the notion of "just in time." In reality, the Kanban technique is structured on a board or table (Kanban board), which is separated into columns and displays each flow inside the software development project. The information in the table varies as the development progresses, and a new "card" is produced whenever a new task is introduced.
This technique is also effective in specific business areas such as HR, marketing, and so on, as it provides the needed insight into the team's duties. The Kanban technique necessitates communication and openness so that all team members are aware of the stage of development and can observe the state of a project at any moment. Therefore, it is ideal for processes that undergo minor modifications and primarily focus on team capability.
Extreme Programming (XP)The Extreme Programming ("XP") technique is built on the concept of finding "the easiest thing that will work" without putting too much emphasis on the long-term product vision. It is a methodology that promotes customer happiness over everything else and emphasizes qualities like communication, simplicity, feedback, courage, and respect. In addition, this technique fosters trust by encouraging developers to accept modifications to clients' needs, even if they occur late in the development cycle.
When an issue is fixed by the entire team of managers, engineers, or customers, bringing them together stimulates dialogue and engagement and breaks down communication barriers. They all become vital pieces of the same jigsaw, fostering an environment conducive to high production and efficiency among teams. Extreme Programming tests software from the start, collecting input to enhance development.
XP encourages activities like pair programming, a remarkable engineering style with a robust testing component.
Agile Software Testing Life CycleThe steps for testing Agile processes are as follows:
Stage 1: Impact Assessment: Stakeholders and users provide input during this initial phase. The feedback phase assists the test engineers in setting the next life cycle's objectives.
Stage 2: Agile Testing Planning: The second phase of the Agile testing life cycle involves planning the testing process and deliverables with all stakeholders.
Stage 3: Release Readiness: We evaluate whether the features that have been developed/implemented are ready for deployment. It is also decided at this stage which one needs to be redeveloped.
Stage 4: Daily Scrums: Every stand-up morning meeting is held to discuss the testing status and set daily goals.
Stage 5: Test Agility Review: Agility Review Meetings are the final phase of the Agile life cycle. It involves weekly meetings with stakeholders to evaluate and assess progress against goals regularly.
In The End,The agile software testing technique emphasizes testing as early in the software development lifecycle as feasible. It necessitates extensive client interaction and testing of code as quickly as it is released.
The code should be reliable enough to be tested on the system. Extensive regression testing may be performed to ensure that all problems have been repaired and tested. The main reason for the success of agile model testing is communication across teams!!!